The Song of 花木兰 is a famous ballad about a heroine of the Northern Dynasties. In this ballad, this heroine is called Mulan. But people always call her Hua Mulan. And in 1998 Hollywood made an animated cartoon Hua Mulan. But this cartoon is a light program, so it can’t 显示 a real Mulan. I have seen a movie Joan of Arc which directed 由 Luc Besson, and this movie hurted seriously the image of a herine that I have known about Joan of Arc since my childhood. So if we want to know about historical persons, we must research true historical materials.
The first image of 花木兰 was a young woman who was born in modern-days Shangqiu, Henan Province in the early days of the Western Han Dynasty. Her surname was Wei. In the period of Han Wen-Emperor, Hun invaded the border, and the government conscripted armymen. Wei 花木兰 took the place of her father Wei Ying and joined the army. Unfortunately, she died in battle. The government gave her a 标题 “Xiaolie” which means filial piety and heroism.
The 秒 image of 花木兰 was a woman in Sui Dynasty. Her surname was Wei, too. She was the oldest child in her family, and her brothers were young. She was very worried about her old father, so when she heard the order of enlistment which resisted Turks, she was in man's clothing and took the place of her father for joining army. 花木兰 was wise and brave, so she was promoted to a general, but no one knew she was a woman. When the war ended, Sui Yang-Emperor gave high position and handsome salary to her, but 花木兰 politely refused. 花木兰 returned howntown, and dressed in woman’s clothing. Her battle companions were very surprised. Sui Yang-Emperor heard this information, and summoned Mulan. This despotic emperor admired the young woman and wanted her to be his concubine. 花木兰 said, “There isn’t a ritual that a minister becomes the spouse of a monarch.” Sui Yang-Emperor forced her, and she killed herself for moral integrity. The emperor killed many persons, and he lacked benevolence. But at this time, he was sad over the death of Mulan, and gave her a 标题 “Xiaolie”.
The third image of 花木兰 was born in the early days of Tang Dynasty. Her surname was Zhu. At that time, Turks often invaded the border. Zhu Mulan’s father was ill, so 花木兰 dressed in man’s clothing and enlisted. And at this time, she was only 14 years old. She got battle achievements, and Tang Tai-Zong who was a great emperor of Tang 王朝 wanted her to be a general. But she declined with thanks, and returned her hometown. The emperor admired her. He gave her a 标题 “Wuzhao-General”, and gave her the royal surname Li. But afterwards a prognosticator augured a woman whose surname was Wu would take the place of the ruling of Li’s royal family. Some crafty sycophants took advantage of the occasion and incriminated “Wuzhao-General” Zhu Mulan. Tai-Zong believed the slander, and sent messengers to the hometown and summoned her. 花木兰 was clever, and found the reason of summoning her. She wrote a memorial to the 王座, 宝座 and pleaded for her. In order to 显示 her innocent heart, she cut her chest open, and died.
The fourth image of 花木兰 was a valiant woman in Tang Dynasty. This Mulan’s surname was Ren. In the later days of Tang Empire, there were armed rebellions in many regions. People had to organize to resist the rebel forces for their lives. Ren 花木兰 was born in a rich family. In order to defend her hometown, she spent all riches of her family and enlisted thousands of 《勇敢传说》 men to organize an army. Ren 花木兰 dressed in man’s armor. 由 herself, she led her army to assault the enemies, and defeated the rebel army utterly.
In Ming Dynasty, a litterateur Xu Wei wrote a drama about 花木兰 and gave her a surname Hua. So 花木兰 started to be called Hua Mulan. The image of Hua 花木兰 was 流行的 in many operas, so people gradually forgot the real surname of 花木兰 and only remember Hua Mulan.
Why were the names of such several women Mulan? In fact, except a real Mulan, the same names of other women were 给 由 later people, because they were influenced 由 the Song of Mulan. The stories of several 花木兰 were mainly recorded in essayistic 图书 或者 county annals in the past several hundred years. Maybe they were from ancient legends. Though there were heroines who did as the story of the Song of Mulan, their names were not Mulan, and later people called them Mulan.
In the Song of Mulan, the image of 花木兰 is possibly Wei 花木兰 of Sui Dynasty, because Sui 王朝 was always thought to be one of the Northern Dynasties, and the time was similar to the time when that ballad appeared. The end of the ballad is that 花木兰 returned her hometown, dressed in woman’s clothing and met her battle companions. This shows the kind wishes of people, because people hope their heroine has a perfect ending. But the real history was always cruel. Not only Joan of Arc, but also Mulan, they died tragically. I’d rather remember the real Mulan, because the truth can cause a person to thought 更多 and deeper. Those young women fought for their motherland, but they couldn’t get a good ending. However, filial and patriotic people still strive for their dear nation generation 由 generation. We can’t forget those heroic women, because they did what men ought to do.